By Kenneth Blum
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This ebook serves as a complement to The Pyrazines, quantity forty-one of the Chemistry of Heterocyclic Compounds sequence. It covers the literature released among 1979 and 2000, and–together with quantity 41–provides a whole, up to date reference for heterocyclic chemists. It emphasizes sensible ways to pyrazine chemistry, deals an entire appendix of all basic pyrazines as much as 2000, and lines unique assurance of the subsequent subject matters: Systematic descriptions of all fundamental artificial routes to pyrazines
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Extra info for Alcohol and Opiates. Neurochemical and Behavioral Mechanisms
Because of the size and unipolar structure of the cells, ACTIONS OF ETHANOL 43 not only voltage recording but also current and voltage clamp techniques can easily be used in this preparation. Voltage clamping allows the direct study of the conductance changes and current flows underlying action potential generation at the level of the cell soma, and the control of this process. Furthermore, characteristics of synaptic transmission can be studied both by stimulating presynaptic inputs and by analyz ing the responses of single cells to iontophoretic applica tions of transmitter candidates.
63. 64. 65. 66. 67. 68. 69. 70. 71. 72. 19 inhibitor on morphine analgesia, tolerance and physical dependence. J. Pharmacol, exp. Ther. 190:165-175 (1974). S. and Swanson, L. : Physical dependence on and tolerance to alcohol in the rat. Physiol. Behav. 6:191-198 (1971). A. : Tremor detec tor for the mouse. J. Appl. Physiol. 26:640-643 (1969). W. : Tremor analyzer for small laboratory animals. J. appl. Physiol. 25:513-514 (1970). : Animal models of ethanol withdrawal syndromes and their relevance to pharmacology, Biological and Be havioral Approaches to Drug Dependence.
Gross, M. , Lewis, E. and Hastey, J. : The Biology of Alcoholism, vol. 3. Edited by Kissin, B. , Plenum Press, New York (1974). Ritzmann, R. F. : Body temperature in mice: A quantitative measure of alcohol tolerance and physical dependence. J. Pharmacol. Exp. , in press. , Ary, M. : Dopaminergic mechanisms in withdrawal hypothermia in morphine-dependent rats. Life Sc. 17:41-42 (1975). Goldstein, D. : Alcohol withdrawal reactions in mice: Effects of drugs that modify neurotransmission. J. Pharm.
Alcohol and Opiates. Neurochemical and Behavioral Mechanisms by Kenneth Blum