An Introduction to the Historiography of Science - download pdf or read online

By Helge S. Kragh

ISBN-10: 0521389216

ISBN-13: 9780521389211

This publication introduces the methodological and philosophical issues of which glossy background of technology is anxious, providing a accomplished and demanding evaluate via description and assessment of vital historiographical viewpoints. Incorporating dialogue of key difficulties generally historic writing, with examples drawn from quite a number disciplines, this non-elementary advent bridges the space among common historical past and heritage of technology. Following a evaluate of the early improvement of the historical past of technology, the speculation of historical past as utilized to technological know-how background is brought, interpreting the fundamental difficulties which this generates, together with difficulties of periodisation, ideological features, and the clash among diachronical and anachronical historiography. eventually, the booklet considers the serious use, and research, of old assets, and the opportunity of the experiemental reconstruction of background. Aimed essentially at scholars, the book's wide scope and integration of historic, philosophical and medical issues will curiosity philosophers, sociologists and basic historians, for whom there is not any replacement creation to the topic at this point.

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Those morals that can be drawn from history will most often be vague and ambiguous. Typically, instructions in history of science take place on the basis of a collection of case-studies, not all 40 Introduction to historiography of science of which point in the same direction, so that the question of the 'weighing' of conflicting evidence will always arise. Such a weighing cannot be made without reference to theoretical considerations but will involve interpretations that are open to criticism.

Not far off is the time when historians of science will be so numerous that they may produce scholarly works which need satisfy only the members of their own profession, the only requirement being that of high standards. BernaPs Science in History. This work represents, according to Pearce Williams, a 'majestic myth', an example of how history of science may degrade in quality when it is written with an external objective in view:20 . . the history of science is a professional and rigorous discipline demanding the same level of skills and scholarship as any other scholarly field.

24 Collingwood's view of history thus rules out contemporary history. (2) In the case of controversial contemporary activities, such as priority conflicts or politically controversial science, the commitment and personal situation of the historian will influence his writings. (3) In contemporary history many of the sequences of events being studied will not yet have finished so that the historian does not know the result and is therefore unable to use it in his evaluation of the events. None of these objections, however, are acceptable.

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An Introduction to the Historiography of Science by Helge S. Kragh

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