By Kenneth K. Kuo, Ragini Acharya(auth.)
A hands-on, built-in method of fixing combustion difficulties in different parts
An knowing of turbulence, combustion, and multiphase reacting flows is vital for engineers and scientists in lots of industries, together with energy genera-tion, jet and rocket propulsion, toxins regulate, fireplace prevention and defense, and fabric processing. This publication bargains a hugely useful dialogue of burning habit and chemical procedures taking place in diversified fabrics, arming readers with the instruments they should resolve the main complicated combustion difficulties dealing with the medical group this present day. the second one of a two-volume paintings, functions of Turbulent and Multiphase Combustion expands on themes regarding laminar flames from Professor Kuo's bestselling ebook ideas of Combustion, moment variation, then builds upon the idea mentioned within the significant other quantity basics of Turbulent and Multiphase Combustion to deal with intimately state-of-the-art experimental suggestions and purposes now not lined anyplace else.
Special beneficial properties of this booklet contain:
Coverage of complex purposes corresponding to good propellants, burning habit, and chemical boundary layer flows
A multiphase platforms procedure discussing easy techniques prior to relocating to higher-level purposes
A huge variety of functional examples gleaned from the authors' adventure besides difficulties and a suggestions manual
Engineers and researchers in chemical and mechanical engineering and fabrics technological know-how will locate purposes of Turbulent and Multiphase Combustion an crucial advisor for upgrading their abilities and maintaining with this speedily evolving quarter. it's also an exceptional source for college kids and execs in mechanical, chemical, and aerospace engineering.Content:
Chapter 1 stable Propellants and their Combustion features (pages 1–71):
Chapter 2 Thermal Decomposition and Combustion of Nitramines (pages 72–142):
Chapter three Burning habit of Homogeneous good Propellants (pages 143–208):
Chapter four Chemically Reacting Boundary?Layer Flows (pages 209–329):
Chapter five Ignition and Combustion of unmarried vigorous strong debris (pages 330–455):
Chapter 6 Combustion of good debris in Multiphase Flows (pages 456–506):
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Extra info for Applications of Turbulent and Multiphase Combustion
It can also be caused by chemical changes with time, such as the gradual depletion (evaporation) of certain liquid plasticizers or moisture absorption. The ability to carry stress or to allow elongation in propellants diminishes with cumulative damage. The aging limit is the estimated time when a rocket motor is no longer able to perform its operation reliably or safely. Depending on the propellant and the grain design, this aging limit or motor life can be between 8 and 25 years (Sutton and Biblarz, 2001).
Chemical reaction occurs between the prepolymer and the cross-linking agent after the polymer addition and the threedimensional links are created (Davenas, 1993). 9 NCO CH2 NCO Molecular structure of IPDI. 1 Desired Properties of a Curing Agent/Cross-Linker After the slurry (mixed oxidizer and prepolymer) is in the casting mold, cross-linking must ensure its transformation into a solid through a chemical reaction that obeys these criteria (Davenas, 1993): • It must be a polyaddition reaction. Any elimination reaction producing more or less volatile products would result in the creation of cracks or “bubbles” in the cross-linked material.
Web burnout duration” (tb ) can be deﬁned as the duration from the propellant surface ignition time to the web burnout time on the measured pressure-time trace. , 1999a). 29 A typical small-scale ballistic evaluation motor (modiﬁed from Fry, 1998). ) Several techniques are used, and none has proven superior in all applications. The surface ignition time has been identiﬁed with various points on the primary rise portion of the trace: 1. The inverse tangent bisector (point tA ) 2. A ﬁxed pressure or a ﬁxed percentage of the average or maximum pressure (point tB ) 3.
Applications of Turbulent and Multiphase Combustion by Kenneth K. Kuo, Ragini Acharya(auth.)