By Jeff Kinard
Artillery: An Illustrated background of Its influence charts the advance of huge, crew-operated battlefield guns from the dart firers and catapults of the traditional international to the discovery of gunpowder in China and its purposes in medieval Europe, and from the emergence of naval and land gunnery 4 centuries in the past to the newest rapid-fire, rocket propulsion, laser tips, and antiaircraft technologies.
Written by way of knowledgeable on army history,Artillery explores the technological and strategic recommendations that experience made those guns more and more potent at breaking via fortifications, causing casualties from a secure distance, offering conceal for advancing forces, demoralizing competitors, and protecting positions from assault. past the battlefield, the e-book additionally appears to be like on the impression of artillery on heritage and at the lives of civilians in addition to soldiers.
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Extra resources for Artillery: An Illustrated History of Its Impact (Weapons and Warfare)
The term later variously applied to squat, mortar-like guns and much larger weapons including both breech- and muzzle loading bombards, the largest breechloaders fitted with massive screw-on powder chambers. EARLY GUNPOWDER ARTILLERY Bombard (Courtesy Art-Tech) The Hundred Years’ War Spanning the years 1337 through 1453, the intermittent conflict between England and France known as the Hundred Years’ War saw the steady development of gunpowder artillery throughout Europe. At first Burgundy and France tended to lead other powers in the use of gunpowder weapons, but they were soon matched by England, and later by Germany, Spain, and Italy.
The assembly would then be reheated to soften the metal, so that a blacksmith could hammer and fuse the iron together and in the process sufficiently char or incinerate the wooden mandrel so that it could be removed from the bore. Early gun tubes used from two to six ironsecuring hoops, whereas hoops strengthened the entire outer surface of later guns. The founders then filled any gaps between the iron components with molten lead. The whole process very much resembled that of cooping, and thus it may have been one source of the term “barrel” to describe a cannon tube.
Inventories also list artillery either being made or stored in a number of other German cities, including Marienburg, Naumburg, Cologne, Augsburg, Erfurt, Nürnberg, Dortmund, We s e l , Linz, Göttingen, and Brunswick. These include a Marienburg record of a large cannon cast by Johannn von Christburg in 1408 for the Prussian Order. As did a number of German founders, 43 44 ARTILLERY Von Christburg added a small amount of lead to his bronze alloy, and the cannon itself was of a two-piece construction with a screw-on breech section.
Artillery: An Illustrated History of Its Impact (Weapons and Warfare) by Jeff Kinard